Energy Prize Awards Scheduled For January 2014

Zayed Future Energy Prize, the world’s leading award for innovation in renewable energy and sustainability, presented a workshop in Sweden this week. The seminar took place on the sidelines of the Global Sustainable Cities Network (GSCN) meetings in Stockholm this week.

sustainable cityDr Nawal Al-Hosany, Director of the Zayed Future Energy Prize, led the discussion with representatives of 10 Swedish cleantech companies on the role and importance of SMEs in the renewable energy sector. Highlighting the Prize’s capacity to catalyze and fund innovation and growth in clean energy and sustainability practices, Dr Al-Hosany offered a virtual walk-through of the submission process for the Prize.”SMEs play a critical role in the cleantech sector. In most countries, SMEs represent a majority of the industry and are significant drivers of energy innovation and contributors to overall economic growth through employment,” said Dr Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Director General of the Zayed Future Energy Prize. However, the funds involved in research and development of new technology could constrain SMEs. Here, the Prize plays a key role in recognizing and funding companies that are engaged in developing the solutions for energy access and addressing climate change.

“Our previous winners have witnessed the transformational effect of the Prize. We would like to encourage SMEs in Europe and across the world to join forces with us and participate in the Prize,” continued Dr Al Jaber.

“The Prize underscores the commitment by the leadership of the UAE to finding the solutions needed to solve the energy challenge. Inspired by the legacy of our founding father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the Prize has the power to bring together and catalyze participants from all over the world – corporations, individuals and schools – for a common cause,” added Dr Al Jaber.

Previous winners of the Prize from Europe include Vestas, Denmark (Large Corporation, 2011); Schneider Electric, France (Large Corporation 2012); Carbon Disclosure Project, United Kingdom (SME 2012); Siemens, Germany (Large Corporation 2013); and the Okehampton School, United Kingdom (Global High Schools 2013).

In her capacity as Director of Sustainability at Masdar, Dr Al-Hosany also participated in a roundtable at the Global Sustainable Cities Network (GSCN) meeting. A component of the United Nation’s Clean Energy Ministerial, the GSCN seeks to provide an open knowledge-sharing platform for groundbreaking sustainable city initiatives throughout the world. Masdar City, the UAE‘s emerging clean-tech cluster and test-bed for renewable energy and sustainable technologies is the Secretariat to the GSCN. Current members of the Network include the UAE, China, Finland, Sweden and Denmark.

The Zayed Future Energy Prize is a $4m annual fund awarded to companies, schools and individuals that have made significant contributions to the future of energy, sustainability and climate change. In five years, the Prize has recognized 21 innovators and impacted communities worldwide.

Submissions for the sixth edition of the Prize will close on 5 August, 2013. Winners will be announced at the Zayed Future Energy Prize awards ceremony scheduled for 20 January, 2014 as part of the annual Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week.

Sustainable Cities Get Boost From IBM, Citigroup

Banks Back Sustainable Cities

Citi has been involved in a project in Brazil that demonstrates how cities can be more sustainable. For three weeks in April, myself and Derek Rego, from transaction banking, worked in Porto Alegre, the capital and largest city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, with a population of around 1.5 million people.

Greener Cities network

We were invited to participate in IBM’s Smarter Cities Challenge program, which has sent a team of executives (usually all from IBM), to 100 cities over the last three years. Porto Alegre’s goal for our three-week project was to learn about how technology – social media, mobile and data processing – can make their city smarter so that decision-making is better informed, citizens are more engaged and citizens’ daily lives are improved.

Citigroup also just launched its CitiBike program in New York. Hopefully, similar programs can spread to other cities around the world, while shaping future development and infrastructure upgrades.

Urban expansion puts pressure on the natural environment, but there are solutions. Energy and resource efficiency can be encouraged with smart incentives and commuting times (and pollution) can be reduced with low-cost apps to make travel more efficient for cars, buses, and taxis. Citi has a role to play in sharing best practices between cities, capitalizing new urban technology companies, and helping cities access capital for their infrastructure projects. For example, Porto Alegre currently treats only 27 percent of its sewage but a new treatment plant will increase that to 80 percent in the next year. The cost is relatively modest for a city of 1.5mm, at roughly $600 million, and loans are repaid almost entirely from future revenues of the water & sewer system. A cleaner river will not only improve livability but will open up the old industrial waterfront for re-development, increasing the return of this kind of environmental investment for the local economy.

We can also use our knowledge for smaller scale solutions. For example, Porto Alegre is often flooded because surrounding trees have been cut down and the city is paved with impermeable surfaces. Here in the U.S., we’ve seen how Philadelphia consumers can install plants on their rooftops and replace impermeable surfaces with permeable surfaces in their parking lots, all through the levying of lower utility charges for these properties. Those sorts of investments take time to pay off. However, sustainability is not about tomorrow. It’s about building up long-term assets to enable a more sustainable planet for us and future generations.

By Patrick Brett, Managing Sales Director, Structured Sales, CitiRead. Read more about the Citi for Cities initiative here: www.citiforcities

National Policy Battles Impact Sustainable Business

Green Investments Blocked By Uncertainty

Voluntary corporate sustainability initiatives and environmental policy are essential, but not complete solutions by themselves. We also need laws, oversight and guidelines to set the entire competitive floor at a level that protects the environment and ensures a quality and quantity of jobs consistent with human dignity. Such a platform will unleash even more innovation, but in directions that are sustainable.

Greener Cities network

Responsible and sustainably-focused business owners can make a big difference in policy fights by countering what policymakers hear from some in the traditional business community.

Here are three pro-sustainable business policy items the American Sustainable Business Council is working on in conjunction with many other organizations.

Renewable energy standards under attack

Renewable Portfolio Standards are state mandates that require utilities to produce a certain amount of energy from renewable sources within a specific time frame, such as wind, solar and biofuel. The standards vary from state to state. North Carolina for example, mandates 12.5 percent clean energy production by 2021, while Colorado calls for 30 percent by 2020. Regardless of the specific targets, the value of an RPS is in providing a clear policy signal to investors, manufacturers and technology companies that the market for renewable energy will grow.

Despite widespread public support, renewable energy standards are under attack in numerous states, often at the behest of oil-industry-funded interest groups. Recently, the American Legislative Exchange Council, a group supported by ExxonMobil and the Koch brothers, among others, introduced the “Electricity Freedom Act.” This piece of so-called “model legislation” would repeal a state’s RPS, meaning utilities no longer would need to include renewable energy in their mix and those energy sources would lose a significant market foothold. That would kill jobs and weaken these states’ economies.

The legislation has been introduced in 11 states this year. In Kansas, efforts to repeal the state’s RPS have failed. Despite an earlier win in a North Carolina House committee, which failed to pass an anti-RPS bill, the state’s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard still isn’t safe in this legislative session. In Ohio, efforts are underway to repeal the state’s Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard.

Last year, ALEC-backed efforts to weaken or repeal an RPS were introduced in 19 states, and passed in Ohio, New Hampshire and Virginia.

First enacted in 1916, the farm bill is typically reauthorized every five years. It represents billions of dollars in government expenditures that set the farm, food and rural policy goals and priorities for the country. The 2008 farm bill cost more than $288 billion over a five-year period.

After the 2012 farm bill failed to pass, action on the new 2013 farm bill has begun to heat up. The House and the Senate have both issued drafts of their farm bills; this legislation will profoundly shape our nation’s food and farm system for the next five years.

On May 14, the 2013 farm bill quickly cleared the Senate Agriculture Committee. Late the following night, the House Agriculture Committee approved its version of a $940 billion farm bill. The current farm bill expires September 30, so lawmakers in both houses need to approve their respective bills before the August recess.

What’s at stake?

Without funding for many vital programs, small and mid-sized farmers will find it more difficult to stay in business. These programs are designed to bring jobs to rural markets, create greater access to healthy foods and provide microloans for emerging agri-business.

Sustainable agriculture champions in Congress have introduced several amendments that support family farms, build strong communities, protect natural resources, invest in future farmers and ensure real reform of commodity payments. Some content included in these amendments came from the following bills:

The Growing Opportunities in Agriculture and Responding to Markets, GO FARM Act of 2013 (S.678)
The Beginning Farmer and Rancher Opportunity Act of 2013 (H.R.1727 and S.837)
The Local Farms, Food and Jobs Act of 2013 (H.R.1414 and S.679)

These amendments are important for the future of sustainable agriculture and it is vital that they make it into the final version of the farm bill. For this to happen, the voices of those who believe in the importance of sustainable agriculture need to be heard.

Reliable, long-term financing has been one of the greatest obstacles to moving the nation toward a clean energy future. Clean Energy Victory Bonds can be a big part of the solution. The Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act of 2013 would create an investment vehicle with government backing, but no tax dollars.

Green America and the American Sustainable Business Council are working on the reintroduction of the Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act, meeting with House offices on both sides of the aisle as well as with federal agencies. The bond will support renewable energy and energy efficiency measures, strengthen our domestic clean energy industries and create an estimated 1.7 million jobs. Discussions are also underway on the creation of state-level CEVBs. The House bill is expected to be reintroduced soon, followed by a Senate version.

What’s at stake?

The United States once was the leading innovator and exporter of renewable sources of energy and technologies. Currently, however, it lags behind the likes of Germany, China, Italy, Canada, Spain and Brazil in clean energy investments as a percentage of GDP. In 2010 alone, China made $48 billion in renewable energy investments compared to just $25 billion by the United States.

From coal to nuclear to oil, no new energy source was developed without significant government funding. Today, the alternative, environmentally sustainable, clean energy path should be the focus.


Combined Heat and Power Saves Money, Reduces Emissions and Improves Energy Security

Conference Today

Event Date: May 22, 2013
Location: Independence Avenue and 1st Street, SE Room 210, Washington, DC

This briefing will introduce participants to Combined Heat and power (CHP) technology and present a number of recent case studies in which CHP systems helped communities pull through extreme weather events when the grid went down. Speakers will discuss both some of the opportunities and the barriers to deploying more CHP systems.

BeFunky_green citypeople.jpgSpeakers for this forum are:

Susan Wickwire, Chief, Energy Supply & Industry Branch, Climate Protection Partnerships Division, EPA

Anne Hampson, Senior Associate, ICF International

Robert Araujo, Manager for Sustainable Development and Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S), Sikorsky Helicopter

Tom Bourgeois, Deputy Director, Pace Energy and Climate Center, Pace University

Dale Louda, Executive Director, CHP Association

A recent study from ICF International details numerous case studies on the critical role CHP played keeping the lights, heat and air conditioning on during recent extreme weather events across the country. New York State Emergency Services and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority have been identifying and developing strategies to increase the use of CHP in key facilities to advance disaster preparedness, business continuity, and community sustainability.

Combined heat and power systems combine the production of heat and power into one process, using much less fuel than when heat and power are produced separately. CHP systems can achieve energy efficiencies of 80 percent or more, compared to producing heat and power separately, which is on average less than 45 percent efficient. CHP provides reliable energy to users on site and nearby, minimizing electricity transmission losses (which can range up to 7 percent) and increasing the resilience and reliability of local energy supplies. More than 3500 CHP systems are in use in the U.S. today. Most are fueled with natural gas, but renewable biomass, process wastes, and coal are also used. In 2011, the United States had more than 80 gigawatts (GW) of installed CHP capacity, representing about eight percent of total U.S. electric power generation capacity.

Contact Information

Company: Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI)
Name: Amaury Laporte
Phone: 202 662 1884
Website: Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI)

Texas Leads U.S. In CO2 Emissions From Energy

Carbon dioxide emissions from energy rose in 18 states and fell in 32 between 2000 and 2010 with Texas showing the greatest absolute decline of 58.8 million metric tons, according to data released by the US Energy Information Administration.

Despite the 8.3 percent drop in emissions, Texas still led the US states in CO2 emissions from energy with 663 million metric tons in 2010, followed by California and Pennsylvania. Nearly half of Texas’ emissions came from petroleum fuels in 2010, according to the EIA data.

emissions by state

California produced about 370 million metric tons of CO2 in 2010 with about two-thirds of it generated from petroleum fuels and a third from natural gas.

Nebraska had the greatest percentage increase at 16 percent, or 6.6 million metric tons, while Colorado had the biggest absolute increase of 11.8 million metric tons, or 13.9 percent over a 10-year time span.

From 2009 to 2010, emissions from energy fell in only 14 states as the US rebounded from the recession, the EIA says.

Wyoming generated 118.5 metric tons per capita in 2010, the highest in the nation. The state was also the second-largest energy producer in the US. Unlike the largest energy producer Texas, which has a population of 25 million, Wyoming has less than 600,000 people, making it the state with the lowest population density in the lower 48.

North Dakota had 80.4 metric tons per capita in 2010, the second-highest in the nation.

Earlier this month, the EPA said in a document published in the Federal Register it would not set methane emissions rules for coal mines.

EarthJustice had petitioned the EPA to add coal mines to the Clean Air Act list of stationary sources and use the law to regulate their greenhouse gas emissions, similar to what the agency has proposed in its emissions rules for new power plants issued last year. On April 30, the EPA denied the petition because of “limited resources and ongoing budget uncertainties,” the document says.

A federal appeals court last June upheld the EPA’s limits on GHG emissions from car tailpipes, factories and power plants.


The Top U.S. Cities For Green Jobs

Greener Cities Have Greener Jobs

If you are looking for a job in Boston, Chicago or San Francisco with experience in energy efficiency, environmental compliance or sustainable supply chain, you may be in luck. Those are three of the top cities for green jobs right now. For example, there are more than 83,000 green job listings on right now, compared to 45,000 at this time last year.

resources for sustainable cities

“Although ‘green’ hiring is often associated with employment at green companies—where the company’s focus is on developing alternative energy sources or manufacturing products with low environmental impact—we are seeing more and more roles at traditional companies focused on sustainable practices as a strategic and competitive business advantage,” John Beriker, CEO of “As a result, green energy and technology fields continue to grow.”

The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines green jobs as those in businesses that produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources, as well as jobs in which workers’ duties involve making their establishment’s production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources.

San Francisco has the largest number of open positions that meet this description. With 4,758 green listings, jobs there are particularly copious in the areas of clean technology, energy efficiency and energy storage, Beriker says.

“With Silicon Valley as a center of technology and innovation, we see significant growth in green jobs related to establishing energy-efficient infrastructure and encouraging adoption of alternative energy sources.”

Houston and New York City follow close behind, with 3,830 and 3,221 green jobs, respectively. “In Texas, home to many oil, gas and energy corporations, we see a number of environmental scientist and engineering roles as well as analyst positions focused on assessing risk and improving process and product outcomes,” he says.

Rounding out the top five are D.C., with 3,207 green job listings, and Los Angeles, which has 2,179.  In D.C. there are a large number of green scientist positions and other jobs with firms and public agencies focused on environmental research, SimplyHired explains.

In fact, more and more companies all over the country are focusing on sustainable practices as a business value, so the green energy and technology fields consequently continue to grow. Some examples of green jobs include sustainability coordinator, energy efficiency manager, and environmental compliance specialist.

“Some of the most interesting jobs are in the sustainability management field, where an individual is tasked with implementing sustainable initiatives and business practices across all areas of an organization,” Beriker says. “Whether working in-house or in a consulting role, these professionals need technical skills and knowledge of leading business practices. They also need strong analytical, project management and communications skills in order to deploy recommendations and solutions across many groups within an organization.”

There are nearly 6,500 jobs with “environmental compliance” keyword on the site right now, which is an increase of more than 60 percent since May 2012. There are another 18,000 listings of jobs focused on “energy efficiency.” These jobs have also increased by more than 60 percent since May 2012.


Six Strategies To Promote Sustainable Cities

More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities. The percentage will rise every passing day. So how can we make cities greener, leaner, and healthier for people and the planet? Following is a link to some of the big ideas that came out of the New York Times Energy for Tomorrow conference held April 25, 2013.

BeFunky_green citypeople.jpg

Sustainable Infrastructure Key To Growth

“To date, the trend towards urbanization has been accompanied by increased pressure on the environment and growing numbers of urban poor,” said the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director, Achim Steiner, at the launch of the report in Nairobi, Kenya.

Singapore is one of the cleanest and most efficient cities/countries in the world.
Singapore is one of the cleanest and most efficient cities/countries in the world.

“But unique opportunities exist for cities to lead the greening of the global economy by increasing resource productivity and innovation, while achieving major financial savings and addressing environmental challenges,” Steiner said.

The report, ‘City-Level Decoupling: Urban Resource Flows and the Governance of Infrastructure Transitions,’ argues that sustainable city infrastructures can sustain economic growth while using fewer resources.

Around three-quarters of the world’s natural resources are already consumed in cities, and the proportion of the global population living in urban areas is set to rise to 70 per cent by 2050.

The study says much greater effort is needed to support new and improved infrastructure for water, energy, transport, waste and other sectors – generally located in and around cities – to wean the world off unsustainable consumption patterns, and avoid serious economic and environmental implications for future generations.

The report, which was produced by the UNEP-hosted International Resource Panel (IRP), features 30 case studies around the world that show how sustainable infrastructures have created scores of green jobs and reduced environmental degradation.

Fore example, in Melbourne, Australia, carbon emissions dropped by 40 per cent after the introduction of energy efficiency measures in public buildings, while in Cape Town, South Africa, a re-fit of low income housing with solar water heaters and efficient lighting has saved over 6,500 tonnes of carbon per year, cut respiratory illnesses by 75 per cent, and reduced the cost of hot water for poor households.

Other efforts involve reducing oil consumption by moving more people and goods onto public transport powered by electricity, or re-establishing urban farms to supply locally grown food.

The cost of meeting the urban infrastructure requirements of the world’s cities between 2000 and 2030 is estimated at USD 40 trillion – both through the building of new infrastructure or retrofitting existing facilities, the report states.

“Older cities may have to retrofit and replace inefficient infrastructure into which they have been locked for decades to achieve decoupling, but newer and expanding cities have the advantage of flexibility. They can ‘get it right’ the first time,” said the Executive Director of UN-HABITAT, Joan Clos.

“In an era of rising energy prices, an early transition to systems that consume increasingly cheaper renewable energy sources will pay off quickly,” Clos said.

The report also provides recommendations for city planners to minimize environmental damage and maximize the potential for using resources more sustainably.

Australia’s Largest Conference On Green Building

Green Cities 2013: Embracing our challenges with optimism

Sydney hosted Australia’s largest and most influential conference for sustainability in the built environment– Green Cities 2013– in March.

It was no coincidence that the conference organizers, the Green Building Council of Australia and Property Council of Australia, chose the theme ‘challenge’ for 2013, which acknowledged the challenging market conditions faced by large sections of the property and construction industry.


However, it was clear that the industry is embracing these challenges with optimism, and is confident that green building is an unstoppable force and a competitive edge.

Gunter Pauli, entrepreneur, activist and author of The Blue Economy, stole the show, arguing that “many green solutions are a case of doing less bad, rather than more good.” Instead, we should focus on the solutions which create positive change.

Pauli’s ‘blue economy’ is about tackling our great environmental problems in new ways and finding solutions that are environmentally beneficial and have wider financial and social benefits.

Pauli inspired the audience with innovations such as how coffee waste can be converted into protein to farm tropical mushrooms, how stone can be transformed into paper and how maggots can be farmed for their healing properties and as a source of protein for other animals.  “We must think as part of a system, not in isolation,” he urged.

“Green building has the opportunity to be an integrator of hundreds of technologies,” Pauli proclaimed, setting our audience abuzz.

Eric Knight, economics consultant and author of Reframe, argued that changing the way we think can reveal new solutions to age-old challenges.  “We have failed to communicate the green climate change message – and as a result of that failure we’ve lost our audience,” he said, suggesting that instead any message must be “simple and consumer-focused.”

“The green message is about empowering people,” Knight said, adding that the implementation of technology was the key to a sustainable planet.  “The challenge for green buildings is to give power back to the people.”

Chief Executive of the Green Building Council of Australia, Romilly Madew, shared the future for Green Star, which includes the launch of the Green Star – Performance rating tool for operational performance of buildings, moving Green Star to an online platform, embracing lifecycle assessment and developing a socio-economic category.  The future for Green Star looks bright, with “Green Star Performance helping to take sustainability into new, untapped markets,” Madew said.

The Property Council of Australia’s Chief Executive, Peter Verwer, was also positive about the industry’s future.  “Sustainability begins with optimism about human nature and human endeavour, rather than a religion or ideology,” he said, arguing that we must adopt a new ‘green modernism’ that is pro-technology, pro-cities and pro-growth.

Grocon’s CEO, Daniel Grollo, speaking in The CEO Circle session, was excited by the next wave of sustainability leaders, who he said would emerge as tenants starting to embrace sustainable fitouts.

Lend Lease’s Chief Operating Officer, Dan Labbad, said the industry must challenge “the notion that sustainability needs to cost more”.  He argued that industrializing construction processes and standardization held the key.  “Most of the buildings we live and work in today are bespoke and that should change.”

According to Chief Executive Officer, John Flecker, Brookfield Multiplex is zeroing in on the social side of sustainability.  “If buildings are better utilized and have higher performance, that’s worth something to a client” and will drive green solutions.

Expo sponsor Interface was the worthy winner of the Weapons of Mass Creation award, for its Urban Retreat range of sustainable carpet tiles, made from 100 percent recycled yarn and reclaimed nylon from recycled fishing nets extracted from the world’s oceans.

Out on the expo floor, WSP was presented with the People’s Choice award for its booth displaying fashion designs based on key themes relating to the development of future cities.

One of the conference participants, green leader and GBCA board member Siobhan Toohill, tweeted that Green Cities speakers were “tackling the theme of ‘challenge’ with resolute optimism, ‘cos it’s all we can do.”

And in an optimistic reminder of why we do the work that we do, Director of the US’ Center for Green Schools, Rachel Gutter, thanked the green building movement for its efforts on behalf of our children.  “Buildings impact the way our kids think about and imagine the future,” she said.  Together, we are building a legacy of which we can all be proud.


China & UK Swap Sustainability Capabilities

Solving the energy and natural resource demands of a growing global population will take international cooperation at the highest levels. China and the United Kingdom are advancing that agenda now.

BeFunky_green cityA delegation of 10 UK companies was welcomed this week on the opening leg of the 2013 Sustainable Cities Mission to Chongqing and Changsha.

The mission program put together by the UK Trade and Investment team gave the 10 companies a platform to showcase their products and expertise in low carbon, sustainable construction and water sectors to a VIP audience of local government and industry.

The mission was opened by Consul General Simon Lever and the Leader of the Chongqing Urban-Rural Development Commission Zhang Qin, with a reflection on the recent development of Chongqing and its prospects for the future. Presentations on the Yuelai Eco Town and Jiangbeizui Central Business District of the Liangjiang State Level Development Zone warmed the UK participants to the extent of opportunities available in fast-growing Chongqing; after which the UK missioners, from recently established small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to Fortune-500 global giants, introduced their companies, their products and their expertise to the Urban-Rural Development Commission, Chongqing Real Estate Association, local design institutes and over 30 local companies in the audience. An afternoon Round Table event provided an opportunity for more detailed discussions and mutual expressions of interest in future business cooperation.

The mission received warm welcome from Ba’nan District government leaders on 19 March, who led the mission to the site of the Yangchun Wet-land Park project site along the Yangtze River. Ba’nan occupies 1825 km2, the largest and one of Chongqing’s most active districts in urban development, and leaders expressed their hope that an experienced company can take on the job of planning and design for the Wetland Park, a place they are sure will be Chongqing’s next top destination. Consul-General Simon Lever and Party Secretary of Ba’nan Li Jianchun agreed that there are many opportunities for UK and Chongqing do business together in the foreseeable future.

On their Beibei District visit the same day, the delegation met with the Deputy Governor and local key players in low-carbon development. They exchanged views on helping Beibei develop into a modern, liveable and green city.

Following the mission, Head of Trade and Investment Simon Mellon said:

Chongqing is a city with an impressive history and a bright future, still experiencing double digit GDP growth and projected to grow by over 400% by 2025. This growth, and the demographic changes taking place across China, provides a wealth of opportunity for British companies to be a part of the next stage of Chongqing’s ongoing development.

In the coming month, the British Consulate-General Chongqing will lead well-known British companies in architecture to participate in the 6th City Expo in Chongqing. A zero-carbon pavilion will be built for the Expo by British architects ALL Design. In June, members of the Royal Institute of British Architecture (RIBA) will visit Chongqing. All those events will bring more creativity and impetus to Chongqing’s sustainable future.